The definition of voltage as work per unit charge lends…

## VOLTAGE AND KIRCHHOFF’S VOLTAGE LAW

Gustav Robert Kirchhoff (1824–1887) Charge moving in an electric circuit…

## Engineering Drawing Basics | First Angle Projection | Third Angle Projection | Orthographic Projection

First angle projection: Assume that a small block is made…

## Laser beam machining | Applications of Laser beam | Laser beam drilling

Laser-beam machining is a thermal material-removal process that employs a…

## Wire Cut Electrical Discharge Machining | Wire Cut EDM Process

EDM, primarily, exists commercially in the form of die-sinking machines…

## Universal Measuring Machine | Construction and working of Universal Measuring Machine

A universal measuring machine (UMM) is used to measure the…

## X-Ray Diffraction System | XRD Technique

An X-ray diffraction (XRD) system is an ideal method for…

## SCALES, GRATINGS, AND RETICLES

The term, scale, is used when rulings are spaced relatively…

## Laser Interferometers | Principle of Laser Interferometer | Laser Interferometry

In recent times, laser-based interferometers are becoming increasingly popular in…

## Angle Dekkor | Construction and working principle of Angle Dekkor | Angular Measurements

An angle dekkor is a small variation of the autocollimator.…

## Autocollimator | Construction and working principle of Autocollimator | Angular Measurements

It is a special form of telescope that is used…

## Introduction to Angular Measurement | Protractor and Sine Principle | collimators | Angle Dekkor

Length standards such as foot and meter are arbitrary inventions…